In 1890, George Eastman introduced a new self-casing camera that was
the first to garner wide public acceptance. While not the first self-casing
camera made in America, it is historically interesting as the first to accept
The innovative body pattern was widely copied by numerous makers
including the American Optical Company's 1891 The Henry Clay Camera,
Blair Camera Company's 1892 Blair Folding Hawk-Eye No.1, Rochester
Optical and many others. The cameras represented an ideal compromise
between larger view cameras and inexpensive rollfilm box cameras for the
serious amateur market.
In 1892, the Folding Kodak Camera series was updated to use double plate
holders. Kodak also made versions that only used plates called Glass Plate
Having been originally built for rollfilm holders, the Folding Kodak cameras used a top-loading design. While functional, the top load design had its
flaws. In use, the camera proved to be somewhat clumsy and the leather hinge connecting the top lid to the body often tore apart. As such, nearly
all Folding Kodaks are found with separated or missing lids.
Two No.4 Folding Kodaks representing the first and last years of production.
Early 1890 model with "Eastman's Wing" shutter (left) and late 1897 model (right).
Later models that incorporated plateholders required a change in the
body design. The rear of the camera was modified to open (drop
down) for photographers to view a groundglass when composing an
image (as shown at right). For those who purchased early models,
Kodak offered to convert older cameras to use double plateholders
The original price of $50 for the 1890 model (roughly equivalent to
$948 in year 2000 currency) was very expensive for the time, which
may explain the scarcity of these cameras. By the mid-1890s,
competitors were introducing smaller, inexpensive versions with
average prices in the $8 to $25 range.
Both cameras shown on this webpage were found with their original
rollfilm holders with serial numbers that match the body.